Logs– the logs that will be enabled or disabled for this realm must be defined
SecureAuth IdP Configuration Steps
These steps are for LDAP data stores only, and if enabling the User / Group Restriction and / or Geo-velocity analysis features
1. In the Profile Properties section, map the Groups Property to the directory field that contains the user's group information, e.g. memberOf in Active Directory
This step is required if enabling User / Group Restriction
2. Map theAccess Histories Propertyto a directory field that fulfills the following requirements:
The Access Histories Property can be stored as Plain Binary or in JSON format, and has distinct requirements for the LDAP directory attribute mapped to the Property based on the Data Format selection
For Plain Binary, these requirements must be met for the directory field that contains the Access Histories information:
Length: 1024 minimum per Access History record (NOTE:The Access History setting is configured in the web.config file: <add key="AccessHistoryMaxCount" value="5" />)
Data Type: Octet string (bytes)
For JSON, these requirements must be met for the directory field that contains the Access Histories information:
Length: No limit / undefined
Data Type: DirectoryString
In typical AD deployments, the Data Format is Plain Binary and the photo directory field is utilized
3. Check Writable to allow SecureAuth IdP to write information to the Access HistoriesProperty
Steps 2 - 3 are required if enablingGeo-velocity
The Properties must be mapped in each realm in which the User / Group Restriction and / or Geo-velocity analysis features are utilized
Click Save once the configurations have been completed and before leaving the Data page to avoid losing changes
Sorting Order enables the organization of the Adaptive Authentication functions to create a completely customized workflow
Each adaptive authentication factor that is enabled appears in the table, and admins can drag and drop to reorder as preferred
IP / Country
4. In the Adaptive Authentication section, under IP / Country, check Enable IP / Country Restriction to enable this analysis feature
5. Select Country Restriction from the Restriction Type dropdown to restrict access by country code(s); or select IP Restriction to restrict access by IP address(es)
6. Select Allow from the Country List / IP List dropdown to create a list of allowed country codes or IP addresses that can access the realm; or select Deny to create a list of country codes or IP addresses that cannot access the realm
7. Provide the list of country codes or IP addresses (based on the selection in step 5) that are allowed or denied access to the realm (based on the selection in step 6)
13. Check Require user to enter username before adaptive authentication occurs if end-users are required to provide a username before conducting the IP Reputation/Threat Data analysis
User / Group
14. Check Enable User / Group Restriction to enable this analysis feature
15. Select User Restriction from the Restriction Type dropdown to restrict access by end-users; or select Group Restriction to restrict access by user groups
16. Select Allow from the User List orGroup List (based on the selection in step 15)dropdown to create a list of allowed end-users or groups that can access the realm; or select Deny to create a list of end-users or groups that cannot access the realm
17. Provide the list of end-users or user groups (based on the selection in step 15) that are allowed or denied access to the realm (based on the selection in step 16)
18. Select the action to be taken for end-users or user groups that are restricted from accessing the realm from the Failure Action dropdown
Assume the Set Velocity Limit is 500mph. An end-user logs in from a certain location, and one hour later, the same end-user attempts to log in from an IP address located more than 500 miles away from the first login. In this case, the Failure Action occurs.
In order to keep track of user access history, the "Access Histories" field of user profile needs to be enabled in the Web Admin Data tab, and writeable to the user store (LDAP, AD, etc.):
See above for the required properties of the Access Histories directories field
Click Save once the configurations have been completed and before leaving the Workflow page to avoid losing changes
Geo-velocity Calculations and Re-calculations
Geo-velocity calculations are based on the Set Velocity Limit and the location and time of the end-user's last successful login event, as compared to the time and location of the current login attempt
A violation occurs if the time span between the last successful login event and the current login attempt is less than the travel time between the two locations
The duration of a violation is calculated based on the distance between the two locations divided by the Set Velocity Limit
During the violation period, unsuccessful login attempts are not stored, even if multiple Geo-velocity violations are detected
If the end-user successfully logs in within the velocity limit boundaries and if another violation is detected, the new violation period starts from the last successful login event
Example of a Geo-velocity violation and successful login for a Set Velocity Limit of 500mph
1. An end-user successfully logs in from Virginia, USA at 10:00 a.m. EST
2. At 10:15 a.m. EST, a violation from the UK is detected
Since the Set Velocity Limit is set at 500mph and the distance between the locations is about 3,500 miles, the violation period is valid for about 7 hours (3500 / 500) – i.e. until 5:15 p.m. EST
3. An hour later at 11:00 a.m. EST, the end-user in Virginia successfully logs in again
4. At 11:15 a.m. EST, another violation from the UK is detected
The violation period is valid until 6:00 p.m. EST, 7 hours from the last successful login event
5. At 6:15 p.m. EST, an end-user in the UK with valid credentials successfully logs in since the 7-hour violation period has passed
(OPTIONAL) Redirect with Username Configuration Steps
Follow these optional configuration steps to redirect users to another SecureAuth IdP realm with the provided username
These steps are for the Redirect Failure Action and to enable end-users to log into the second realm without inputting their username once more
This use case's configuration requires settings on the initial realm (Realm A) and the realm to which end-users are redirected (Realm B)
1. In Realm Aonly, in the Adaptive Authentication section, select Redirect from the Failure Action dropdown
NOTE: This configuration can be completed in any of the four Adaptive Authentication policies
Shown as an example is the User / Group Restriction policy
2. In the new textbox, prepend RedirectWithToken.aspx?Target= to the realm URL, e.g. RedirectWithToken.aspx?Target=https://secureauth.company.com/secureauth2
Click Save once the configurations have been completed and before leaving the Workflow page to avoid losing changes
The following steps are required for both Realm A and Realm B(the realm to which end-users are redirected from Realm A)
3. In the Forms Auth / SSO Token section, click View and Configure Forms Auth Keys / SSO Token
4. Set the Name to a unique, friendly token name
5. Set the Validation Key and Decryption Key to the same values; or if no keys have been generated, then keep as the defaulted values
6. Set the Pre-Auth Cookie and Post-Auth Cookie to the same, unique token name set in step 4
Click Save once the configurations have been completed and before leaving the Token Settings page to avoid losing changes
Key-Value Pair Properties
Several key-value pair properties are placed in the structured data element of a syslog entry. These properties may also be logged in the header or message elements but are difficult to parse or extract.
NOTE: Not all properties introduced in these tables may appear in logs, since log data is set to show based on the SecureAuth Threat Service subscription level.
Threat Type identifies the classification of the attack.
Continent identifies the location of the IP address: Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, Oceania (Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia), South America.
Full country name is used within the ISO-3166Alpha-2 code system.
International Standard Organization's 2-letter code corresponds to the name of the country, as defined in ISO-3166.
Country Confidence Factor – from 0 (null) to 99 – reflects a relative measure of certainty the user is in the location identified in the country field. The higher the value, the greater the likelihood that the user is in the assigned country.
Directional Region information (e.g. 'northwest') for some countries, or specific regional information (e.g. 'northern_ireland') for a few other countries. Region information is currently available for the U.S., U.K., Brazil, Denmark, France, Philippines, Belgium, Burkina Faso, Equatorial Guinea, Greece, Guinea, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Malawi, Marshall Islands, New Zealand, Slovenia, Spain, Sri Lanka, and Uganda.
IP Intelligence provides information for states and provinces (i.e. first-level administrative division) in all countries where they exist.
NOTE: IP Intelligence uses the localized spelling for state values. For example, the state of Tuscany in Italy is identified as ‘toscana’ in GeoPoint data. This approach ensures the highest degree of system compatibility, as well as the ability to use localized state names for customer applications serving those countries.
State Code is the abbreviated code that identifies a state or province.
IP Intelligence provides a State Confidence Factor that reflects a relative measure of certainty that the user is in the location identified in the state field. Values range from 0 (null) to 99. The higher the value, the greater the likelihood that the user is in the assigned state.
IP Intelligence locates users in respective cites and recognizes more than 150,000 distinct international locations.
NOTE: IP Intelligence uses the localized spelling for city values. For example, the city of Rome in Italy is identified as ‘roma’ in GeoPoint data. This approach ensures the highest degree of system compatibility, as well as the ability to use localized state names for customer applications serving those countries.
IP Intelligence provides a City Confidence Factor that reflects a relative measure of certainty that the user is in the location identified in the city field. Values range from 0 (null) to 99. The higher the value, the greater the likelihood that the user is in the assigned city.
Postal Code is assigned to a corresponding city. Most of GeoPoint’s postal code assignments are derived from the city field. Where there is sufficient evidence, the postal code is explicit. IP Intelligence provides postal codes for most countries.
Area Code is the phone number prefix assigned to its corresponding city. Prefixes are available in the U.S., Canada, and selectively in other countries.
NOTE: 'area_code' does not include the telephone country code.
Time Zone is provided as a +/- offset of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) and is represented as a floating point number so that calculations can be made for a specific time in a designated location. Values can be between -11 and 13. The time zone is derived from the city field, if known, or from the country field if the city is unknown. If city is unassigned and the country spans multiple time zones, a value of ‘999’ is returned.
Latitude of the identified GeoPoint location is expressed as a floating point number with range of -90 to 90. Positive numbers represent North and negative numbers represent South. Latitude and longitude are derived from the city or postal code.
Longitude of the identified GeoPoint location is expressed as a floating point number with range of -180 to 180. Positive numbers represent East and negative numbers represent West. Latitude and longitude are derived from the city or postal code.
Defined Market Area (DMA) codes are assigned to geographical regions in the U.S. where the population typically receives similar media: e.g. radio, television, newspapers, and the Internet. The code, which is based on Nielsen's market codes but has parity with Google's metropolitan area codes, defines geographical areas that may coincide and overlap with one or more metropolitan regions. For example, San Francisco, San Jose, and Oakland all fall into the same DMA.
Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) codes represent geographical boundaries of U.S. counties or towns that use Core-Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) defined by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) from data gathered by the U.S. Census Bureau.
Connection Type pertains to ways in which users can connect to the Internet: fiber optic connections, leased line, high-speed or broadband, frame relay circuits, DSL, cable modem broadband circuits, Integrated Services Digital Network, dial-up modem, fixed wireless connections, cellular network providers, and unknown means.
Connection speed to the Internet is divided into categories of high, medium, or low, as determined by the Connection Type.
IP Routing Type (IPRT) specifies how the connection is routed through the Internet and can be used to determine how close the user is to the public IP address. For example, a user connecting through a fixed connection is likely very close to the connection. A user connecting through a regional proxy is probably in the same country as the connection, whereas a user connecting through a satellite connection could be anywhere.
Autonomous System Number (ASN) is a globally unique number assigned to a group of networks administered by a single entity such as a Network Service Provider (NSP) or a very large organization. ASNs manage data routing via the Border Gateway Protocol (BGP). IP Intelligence provides ASN information in 32-bit integer format.
Second-Level Domain (SLD) is the part of the domain name that precedes the top-level domain. E.g. in www.companyname.com, “companyname” is the second-level domain.
Top-Level Domain (TLD) identifies the most general part of the domain name in a Web address. Common top-level domains include com, net, edu (educational), mil (military), as well as country codes like jp (Japan) and fr (France).
The Registering Organization is the entity responsible for the actions and content associated with a given block of IP addresses. This function is in contrast to that of the carrier, which is responsible for routing traffic for network blocks. Registering Organizations include many types of entities, including corporate, government, or educational entities, and ISPs managing the allocation and use of network blocks.
Carrier provides the name of the organization that owns the ASN and is responsible for traffic flowing on the network or set of networks designated as an Autonomous System (AS) and identified by the ASN. While there are more than 27,000 active ASNs, there are fewer carriers, because a single carrier often manages several ASNs.
A status is assigned to an IP address detected as a proxy and indicates the IP address may be associated with an anonymizing proxy. The status is a relative indicator of how recent the proxy was found to be active and the proxy’s category.
Proxy Level describes the degree of concealment for the end user via use of the proxy: e.g. obfuscation of the user’s originating IP address. Levels of obfuscation include: transparent, anonymous, distorting and elite.
Proxy Type describes the network or protocol used by the server to proxy the user connection. Classifications include the use of HTTP, Tor, Web and SOCKS.
Proxy Last Detected provides the most recent date on which IP Intelligence proxy detection technology confirmed the proxy was active or served as a private proxy. This information supplies more granular proof that an IP address may be associated with an anonymizing proxy.
Hosting Facility identifies whether the connection originated at a facility that provides storage, computing or telecommunication services. The designation of a 'hosting_facility' includes the following type of service providers: colocation, cloud computing, dedicated hosting, virtual private servers and Web hosting.
Risk Score is based on IP Address evaluation and threat intelligence data.
Applicable only to IP reputation log entries. Also logged in the message element.